Discussion:
Full disk encryption that encrypts a second disk?
(too old to reply)
Luca Villa
2008-01-09 21:39:52 UTC
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Every Full disk encryption program I tried only encrypts/decrypts the
first (boot) disk at boot time.
Drivecrypt Plus Pack can encrypt/decrypt other disks but you can only
"mount" them in the application in Windows. They're not "mounted" at
boot time like the first disk.

Is there a FDE program able to encrypt/decrypt multiple disks at boot
time?
David Eather
2008-01-09 23:29:08 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
Every Full disk encryption program I tried only encrypts/decrypts the
first (boot) disk at boot time.
Drivecrypt Plus Pack can encrypt/decrypt other disks but you can only
"mount" them in the application in Windows. They're not "mounted" at
boot time like the first disk.
Is there a FDE program able to encrypt/decrypt multiple disks at boot
time?
PGP whole disk encryption. You can download it and try it for 30 days.
After that it decrypts your disk so you can still use your data.
Luca Villa
2008-01-10 00:04:03 UTC
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As you can see here http://forums.pgpsupport.com/viewtopic.php?p=25838&sid=240ebd59aebcae53129e0ec649eba117
WDE 9.5 doesn't decrypt disks other than the first at boot time :(
Post by David Eather
PGP whole disk encryption. You can download it and try it for 30 days.
After that it decrypts your disk so you can still use your data.
Sebastian G.
2008-01-10 00:19:33 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
As you can see here http://forums.pgpsupport.com/viewtopic.php?p=25838&sid=240ebd59aebcae53129e0ec649eba117
WDE 9.5 doesn't decrypt disks other than the first at boot time :(
PGP Desktop Edition is Open Source, you're free to add this behaviour (at
least by hooking an additional kernel module to the WDE driver - the license
forbids directly changing the code).

BTW, why would you care anyway? Seems like you're abusing MSIE (via Maxthon)
as webbrowser, so your security is void anyway.
Luca Villa
2008-01-10 00:35:14 UTC
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I'm also free to develop a new software but this doesn't mean that
"there is" this software...
and I'm not using Maxthon as webbrowser. I'm using Website Watcher or
Avant Browser.
Post by Sebastian G.
PGP Desktop Edition is Open Source, you're free to add this behaviour (at
least by hooking an additional kernel module to the WDE driver - the license
forbids directly changing the code).
BTW, why would you care anyway? Seems like you're abusing MSIE (via Maxthon)
as webbrowser, so your security is void anyway.
Sebastian G.
2008-01-10 11:04:08 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
I'm also free to develop a new software but this doesn't mean that
"there is" this software...
However, adding such a capability takes much less effort.
Post by Luca Villa
and I'm not using Maxthon as webbrowser. I'm using Website Watcher or
Avant Browser.
Which is about how much better?
David Eather
2008-01-10 17:53:01 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
As you can see here http://forums.pgpsupport.com/viewtopic.php?p=25838&sid=240ebd59aebcae53129e0ec649eba117
WDE 9.5 doesn't decrypt disks other than the first at boot time :(
9.6.3 does and I use it.
Post by Luca Villa
Post by David Eather
PGP whole disk encryption. You can download it and try it for 30 days.
After that it decrypts your disk so you can still use your data.
Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
2008-01-10 00:37:39 UTC
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On Wed, 9 Jan 2008 13:39:52 -0800 (PST), Luca Villa
Post by Luca Villa
Every Full disk encryption program I tried only encrypts/decrypts the
first (boot) disk at boot time.
Drivecrypt Plus Pack can encrypt/decrypt other disks but you can only
"mount" them in the application in Windows. They're not "mounted" at
boot time like the first disk.
That's not true. DriveCrypt Plus Pack *will* mount other encrypted
drives / partitions at boot time if they have been encrypted with the
same key as the boot partition.
Luca Villa
2008-01-10 01:21:06 UTC
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Post by Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
That's not true. DriveCrypt Plus Pack *will* mount other encrypted
drives / partitions at boot time if they have been encrypted with the
same key as the boot partition.
I tried 1 year ago and it was not as you're writing. Where did you
read it?
Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
2008-01-10 14:57:09 UTC
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On Wed, 9 Jan 2008 17:21:06 -0800 (PST), Luca Villa
Post by Luca Villa
I tried 1 year ago and it was not as you're writing. Where did you
read it?
I'm using it right now on my machine. Works fine.

DriveCrypt Plus Pack v3.9G
Luca Villa
2008-01-10 18:11:58 UTC
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SafeBoot and Anssi,
does it decrypt every disk at (pre)boot time without further action?
SafeBoot Simon
2008-01-12 11:03:56 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
SafeBoot and Anssi,
does it decrypt every disk at (pre)boot time without further action?
Usually not as this would take a LONG time. Usually the disk(s) are
kept encrypted all the time, and only reads from are decrypted into
memory. Any product which had to decrypt the whole disk when you
logged in and encrypted it all again when you shut down would be very
tiresome indeed.
Sebastian G.
2008-01-12 11:36:35 UTC
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Post by SafeBoot Simon
Post by Luca Villa
SafeBoot and Anssi,
does it decrypt every disk at (pre)boot time without further action?
Usually not as this would take a LONG time. Usually the disk(s) are
kept encrypted all the time, and only reads from are decrypted into
memory.
Which is exactly what he means: The key is provided and the encrypted disks
are mounted.
SafeBoot Simon
2008-01-14 12:45:37 UTC
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Post by Sebastian G.
Which is exactly what he means: The key is provided and the encrypted disks
are mounted.
Tiresome... Luca specifically said "does it decrypt every disk" - who
are we to second guess what he/she is thinking? Many people don't
understand the difference between media encryption and file
encryption- for all we know Luca may have been thinking that the drive
is decrypted on boot, with all the risks therefore of leaving plain
text exposed if the machine is poorly shut down (battery dies for
example).
Luca Villa
2008-01-21 23:09:17 UTC
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I meant: (assuming single-partitioned disks) does't it mount every
encrypted disk at boot time?
I use Drivecrypt Plus Pack and, when I put my pre-boot password, it
unfortunately only mounts my first encrypted disk, leaving the others
unmounted.
To be able to read these other disks I have to wait for Windows to
load, then open the Drivecrypt Plus Pack *application*, and from that,
mount them.
Sebastian G.
2008-01-22 00:32:06 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
I meant: (assuming single-partitioned disks) does't it mount every
encrypted disk at boot time?
I use Drivecrypt Plus Pack and, when I put my pre-boot password, it
unfortunately only mounts my first encrypted disk, leaving the others
unmounted.
To be able to read these other disks I have to wait for Windows to
load, then open the Drivecrypt Plus Pack *application*, and from that,
mount them.
Since you"re obviously not seriously concerned with security, why don't you
simple make up your made and simple leave the other disks unencrypted? Even
further, you could decrypt the primary disk as well. Saves you typing a
password, performance, a lot of struggle - with no reduction in security!
SafeBoot Simon
2008-01-22 02:24:39 UTC
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Post by Sebastian G.
Post by Luca Villa
I meant: (assuming single-partitioned disks) does't it mount every
encrypted disk at boot time?
I use Drivecrypt Plus Pack and, when I put my pre-boot password, it
unfortunately only mounts my first encrypted disk, leaving the others
unmounted.
To be able to read these other disks I have to wait for Windows to
load, then open the Drivecrypt Plus Pack *application*, and from that,
mount them.
Since you"re obviously not seriously concerned with security, why don't you
simple make up your made and simple leave the other disks unencrypted? Even
further, you could decrypt the primary disk as well. Saves you typing a
password, performance, a lot of struggle - with no reduction in security!
I think Luca that Seb would rather you abandoned your computer and
wrote everything in invisible ink encrypted with a one time pad on
rice paper, then ate it.

yes Luca - with SafeBoot every disk/partition is available after you
booted your machine. You don't have to mount them one at a time - that
would be very tiresome.

S.
Sebastian G.
2008-01-22 02:43:11 UTC
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Post by SafeBoot Simon
Post by Sebastian G.
Since you"re obviously not seriously concerned with security, why don't you
simple make up your made and simple leave the other disks unencrypted? Even
further, you could decrypt the primary disk as well. Saves you typing a
password, performance, a lot of struggle - with no reduction in security!
I think Luca that Seb would rather you abandoned your computer and
wrote everything in invisible ink encrypted with a one time pad on
rice paper, then ate it.
Nonsense. I'd suggest he should use some serious encryption software, not
this proprietary, closed-source snakeoil from a vendor with a horrible
security history. Haing a disk encrypted with DCPP is no more secure than
writing the password onto a sticker, sticking on the monitor.
Post by SafeBoot Simon
yes Luca - with SafeBoot every disk/partition is available after you
booted your machine. You don't have to mount them one at a time - that
would be very tiresome.
As if SafeBoot was any better...
Luca Villa
2008-02-04 18:07:41 UTC
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Post by Sebastian G.
Post by SafeBoot Simon
Post by Sebastian G.
Since you"re obviously not seriously concerned with security, why don't you
simple make up your made and simple leave the other disks unencrypted? Even
further, you could decrypt the primary disk as well. Saves you typing a
password, performance, a lot of struggle - with no reduction in security!
I think Luca that Seb would rather you abandoned your computer and
wrote everything in invisible ink encrypted with a one time pad on
rice paper, then ate it.
Nonsense. I'd suggest he should use some serious encryption software, not
this proprietary, closed-source snakeoil from a vendor with a horrible
security history. Haing a disk encrypted with DCPP is no more secure than
writing the password onto a sticker, sticking on the monitor.
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist

2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing

3. DCPP doesn't have an horrible security history. When yuou don't
know, please don't invent.

4. "open source" doesn't necessarily mean "more secure". It depends on
who make the updates. See the case of JAP where an update was done by
the police to intercept a person.
An attacker can update a shared-source product much easier than a
closed-source product.

5. I bet $100000 on the falsity of your statement "Haing a disk
encrypted with DCPP is no more secure than writing the password onto a
sticker, sticking on the monitor". Do you accept?
nemo_outis
2008-02-04 18:47:32 UTC
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Luca Villa <***@cashette.com> wrote in news:541a28c6-fa52-4fec-8093-***@k39g2000hsf.googlegroups.com:

...
Post by Luca Villa
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist
2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing
...

True at the moment but consider two points:

1. PGP Wholedisk has source code available for inspection (but it's not
"open-source" in terms of licencing)

2. Truecrypt has announced that it will have free open-source whole-disk
encryption in its next version (scheduled for Feb 5, 2008 - tomorrow!).

http://www.truecrypt.org/future.php

Regards,
Observer
2008-02-04 18:57:57 UTC
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Post by nemo_outis
2. Truecrypt has announced that it will have free open-source whole-disk
encryption in its next version (scheduled for Feb 5, 2008 - tomorrow!).
http://www.truecrypt.org/future.php
For me, the page says Feb 4th, 2008. Today...

I've been checking it once a day for a couple weeks, and today I've been
checking it every couple hours.

Not that it really matters that much.... I wont be trusting it until after
at least one update / bug fix. (But I would like to play with it in a
VirtualBox.)
Luca Villa
2008-02-05 00:26:59 UTC
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- PGP Wholedisk source code: where? is it fully compilable?

- Truecrypt: it says "Release scheduled for: February 4, 2008" under
the "Future" page... Probably they use a time machine..
Does it do pre-boot multi-disk mounting?

- DiskCryptor: seems interesting but I'm not willing to risk all my
data with a "0.2.5 beta" FDE program...
nemo_outis
2008-02-05 01:18:44 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
- PGP Wholedisk source code: where? is it fully compilable?
Let me lead you by the hand:
https://www.pgp.com/downloads/sourcecode/srcrequest.html

You attempt to compile it and then tell me.
Post by Luca Villa
- Truecrypt: it says "Release scheduled for: February 4, 2008" under
the "Future" page... Probably they use a time machine..
Does it do pre-boot multi-disk mounting?
It now says Feb 5. In any case it seems clear its release is imminent.
Your silly sarcasm in the face of generous gifts from others - the
Truecrypt team - only makes you look an ungrateful churl.

As for the details of its capabilities, you can be the first to describe
to the world the results of your investigations.
Post by Luca Villa
- DiskCryptor: seems interesting but I'm not willing to risk all my
data with a "0.2.5 beta" FDE program...
It seems that there is no advantage so great that you cannot overcome it
or find fault with it. However, since the code is open-source, feel free
to improve it to better suit your exquisitely discerning tastes.

Regards,
Sebastian G.
2008-02-05 15:31:47 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
- PGP Wholedisk source code: where?
<http://www.pgp.com/downloads/sourcecode/index.html#dtsrc>

Any other stupid questions?
Post by Luca Villa
is it fully compilable?
No. The shell extension for intergrating PGP with Adobe Acrobat is
referenced in the projects, but no source code is provided.

However, if you prefer using Windows Driver Kit over the old WinDDK, or
something never than Visual Studio 2003, you'll need to incorporate some
small changes.
Post by Luca Villa
- Truecrypt: it says "Release scheduled for: February 4, 2008" under
the "Future" page... Probably they use a time machine..
Does it do pre-boot multi-disk mounting?
Not yet, this is planned for version 5.0 which was, sigh, scheduled for
yesterday.
Post by Luca Villa
- DiskCryptor: seems interesting but I'm not willing to risk all my
data with a "0.2.5 beta" FDE program...
OK, but you'd risk your data as well as their secrecy to some horribly
broken commercial software with completely unjustified version numbers much
much beyond 1.0?
Sven Svenson
2008-02-05 23:19:34 UTC
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...
Post by Luca Villa
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist
2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing
...
No it's not true.

http://www.se.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/disks-encrypting.html
nemo_outis
2008-02-06 00:08:37 UTC
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Post by Sven Svenson
...
Post by Luca Villa
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist
2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing
...
No it's not true.
http://www.se.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/disks-encr
ypting.html
I was speaking of Windows - I thought that was clear.

Regards,
Sebastian G.
2008-02-06 01:24:41 UTC
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Post by nemo_outis
I was speaking of Windows - I thought that was clear.
Doesn't make it any less wrong. TrueCrypt, FreeOTFE and CrossCrypt and PGP
Desktop Workstation are open source, the latter supporting pre-boot
authentication.
Sarah Dean
2008-02-04 18:52:16 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist
2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing
Not actually true. For example, DiskCryptor's been around for awhile now...
--
Sarah Dean
FreeOTFE site: http://www.FreeOTFE.org/
Personal site: http://www.SDean12.org/

For information on SecureTrayUtil, Shredders, On-The-Fly Encryption
(OTFE) systems, etc, see the URLs above.
Carsten Krueger
2008-02-04 19:28:58 UTC
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Post by Sarah Dean
Not actually true. For example, DiskCryptor's been around for awhile now...
Thx, very interesting.

Website: http://freed0m.org/?index=dcrypt
Google Translate helps with russian website.

greetings
Carsten
--
ID = 0x2BFBF5D8 FP = 53CA 1609 B00A D2DB A066 314C 6493 69AB 2BFB F5D8
http://www.realname-diskussion.info - Realnames sind keine Pflicht
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cakruege (at) gmail (dot) com | http://www.geocities.com/mungfaq/
Sarah Dean
2008-02-04 20:23:36 UTC
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Post by Carsten Krueger
Post by Sarah Dean
Not actually true. For example, DiskCryptor's been around for awhile now...
Thx, very interesting.
Website: http://freed0m.org/?index=dcrypt
Google Translate helps with russian website.
Interestingly, although the WWW site is in Russian, the software's all in
English.

Pretty straightforward to use as well...
--
Sarah Dean
FreeOTFE site: http://www.FreeOTFE.org/
Personal site: http://www.SDean12.org/

For information on SecureTrayUtil, Shredders, On-The-Fly Encryption
(OTFE) systems, etc, see the URLs above.
Carsten Krueger
2008-02-04 20:45:43 UTC
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Post by Sarah Dean
Pretty straightforward to use as well...
Yes, very simple and really fast.

Next version supports non standard keyboard layout according to the author.

greetings
Carsten
--
ID = 0x2BFBF5D8 FP = 53CA 1609 B00A D2DB A066 314C 6493 69AB 2BFB F5D8
http://www.realname-diskussion.info - Realnames sind keine Pflicht
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Carsten Krueger
2008-02-04 21:06:15 UTC
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Post by Sarah Dean
Pretty straightforward to use as well...
Yes, very simple and really fast.

Next version supports non standard keyboard layout according to the author.

Update: disable non standard keys

greetings
Carsten
--
ID = 0x2BFBF5D8 FP = 53CA 1609 B00A D2DB A066 314C 6493 69AB 2BFB F5D8
http://www.realname-diskussion.info - Realnames sind keine Pflicht
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Sebastian G.
2008-02-04 19:54:09 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
1. an open-source full disk encryption solution doesn't exist
PGP Desktop Workstation, and hopefully soon TrueCrypt 5.0
Post by Luca Villa
2. an open-source full disk encryption solution with pre-boot multi-
disk mounting is even more far from existing
Oh, that specificially. Well, then extend the first list by FreeOTFE,
CrossCrypt, and all free Linux disk encryption suites. The ones mentioned
above already do pre-boot authentication.
Post by Luca Villa
3. DCPP doesn't have an horrible security history. When yuou don't
know, please don't invent.
Aside from it being the ultimate match for the crypto snake-oil FAQ, it had
a very horrible security history. Not locking memory properly, weak entropy
collection, insecure ACLs, privilege escalation vulnerabilities, ...
Post by Luca Villa
4. "open source" doesn't necessarily mean "more secure". It depends on
who make the updates.
Nonsense. The security of open source crypto relies on the fact that you can
check the implementation for sufficient correctness. For closed source
crypto, one should assume that the non-perfect programmers got at least one
important detail wrong.
Post by Luca Villa
5. I bet $100000 on the falsity of your statement "Haing a disk
encrypted with DCPP is no more secure than writing the password onto a
sticker, sticking on the monitor". Do you accept?
Sure. Where can I get the money?
Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
2008-02-04 22:24:41 UTC
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Post by Sebastian G.
Aside from it being the ultimate match for the crypto snake-oil FAQ, it had
a very horrible security history. Not locking memory properly, weak entropy
collection, insecure ACLs, privilege escalation vulnerabilities, ...
Maybe you can give us some references? Some actual occurrences of
DCPP's security being broken?
Sebastian G.
2008-02-04 23:49:35 UTC
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Post by Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
Post by Sebastian G.
Aside from it being the ultimate match for the crypto snake-oil FAQ, it had
a very horrible security history. Not locking memory properly, weak entropy
collection, insecure ACLs, privilege escalation vulnerabilities, ...
Maybe you can give us some references? Some actual occurrences of
DCPP's security being broken?
for /f "tokens=2*" %i in ('dc2 /pd ^| find /i "crypt"') do dc2 /hct %i

Bang, a fine BSOD.


Not that I would actually care, since this shitty software refused to work
properly on a fresh test machine with pure commodity hardware.
Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
2008-01-22 05:15:35 UTC
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On Mon, 21 Jan 2008 15:09:17 -0800 (PST), Luca Villa
Post by Luca Villa
I meant: (assuming single-partitioned disks) does't it mount every
encrypted disk at boot time?
I use Drivecrypt Plus Pack and, when I put my pre-boot password, it
unfortunately only mounts my first encrypted disk, leaving the others
unmounted.
As I have tould you before, DCPP *does* mount those other disks *if*
you have encrypted them with the same key as the boot disk.
Sebastian G.
2008-02-06 00:12:09 UTC
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blessings,
created the Jewish people in order to show that this was not owing to lack
of power.

646. The Synagogue did not perish, because it was a type. But, because it
was only a type, it fell into servitude. The type existed till the truth
came, in order that the Church should be always visible, either in the sign
which promised it, or in substance.

647. That the law was figurative.

648. Two errors: 1. To take everything literally. 2. To take everything
spiritually.

649. To speak against too greatly figurative language.

650. There are some types clear and demonstrative, but others which seem
somewhat far-fetched, and which convince only those who are already
persuaded. These are like the Apocalyptics. But the difference is that they
have none which are certain, so that nothing is so unjust as to claim that
theirs are as well founded as some of ours; for they have none so
demonstrative as some of ours. The comparison is unfair. We must not put on
the same level and confound things, because they seem to agree in one point,
while they are so different in another. The clearness in divine things
requires us to revere the obscurities in them.

It is like men, who employ a certain obscure language among themselves.
Those who should not understand it would understand only a foolish meaning.

651. Extravagances of the Apocalyptics, Preadamites, who would base
extravagant opinions on Scripture will, for example, base them
Anssi "Affe" Ahonen
2008-02-06 02:23:54 UTC
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corrupt principles,
in reigning power in them, and in full possession of them, that are
seeds of hell fire. These principles are active and powerful, exceeding
violent in their nature, and if it were not for the restraining hand of
God upon them, they would soon break out, they would flame out after the
same manner as the same corruptions, the same enmity does in the hearts
of damned souls, and would beget the same torments as they do in them.
The souls of the wicked are in scripture compared to the troubled sea,
Isa. 57:20. For the present, God restrains their wickedness by his
mighty power, as he does the raging waves of the troubled sea, saying,
"Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further;" but if God should withdraw
that restraining power, it would soon carry all before it. Sin is the
ruin and misery of the soul; it is destructive in its nature; and if God
should leave it without restraint, there would need nothing else to make
the soul perfectly miserable. The corruption of the heart of man is
immoderate and boundless in its fury; and while wicked men live here, it
is like fire pent up by God's restraints, whereas if it were let loose,
it would set on fire the course of nature; and as the heart is now a
sink of sin, so if sin was not restrained, it would immediately turn the
s
Sebastian G.
2008-02-06 02:15:12 UTC
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obtaining converting grace, that they have never
done yet. It may be they hope that they are something better than they
were; but then the pleasing dream all vanishes again. If they are told
that they trust too much to their own strength and righteousness, they
cannot unlearn this practice all at once, and find not yet the
appearance of any good, but all looks as dark as midnight to them. Thus
they wander about from mountain to hill, seeking rest, and finding none.
When they are beat out of one refuge, they fly to another; till they are
as it were debilitated, broken, and subdued with legal humblings; in
which God gives them a conviction of their own utter helplessness and
insufficiency, and discovers the true remedy in a clearer knowledge of
Christ and His gospel.

When they begin to seek salvation, they are commonly profoundly ignorant
of themselves; they are not sensible how blind they are; and how little
they can do towards bringing themselves to see spiritual things aright,
and towards putting forth gracious exercises in their own souls. They
are not sensible how remote they are from love to God, and other holy
dispositions, and how dead they are in sin. When they see unexpected
pollution in their own hearts, they go about to wash away their own
defilements, and make themselves clean; and they weary themselves in
vain, till God shows them that it is in vain, and that their help is not
where they have sought it.

But some persons continue wandering in such a kind of labyrinth, ten
times as long as others, before their own experience will convince them
of their insufficiency; and so it appears not to be their own experience
only, but the convincing influence of God's Holy Spirit with their
experience, that attains the effect. God has of late abundantly shown
that He does not need to wait to have men convinced by long and often
repeated fruitless trials; for in multitudes of instances He has made a
shorter work of it.
nemo_outis
2008-02-06 01:47:38 UTC
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of his wretchedness to the others, because the greater our fall,
the more wretched we are, and vice versa. The one party is brought back to
the other in an endless circle, it being certain that, in proportion as men
possess light, they discover both the greatness and the wretchedness of man.
In a word, man knows that he is wretched. He is therefore wretched, because
be is so; but he is really great because he knows it.

417. This twofold nature of man is so evident that some have thought that we
had two souls. A single subject seemed to them incapable of such sudden
variations from unmeasured presumption to a dreadful dejection of heart.

418. It is dangerous to make man see too clearly his equality with the
brutes without showing him his greatness. It is also dangerous to make his
see his greatness too clearly, apart from his vileness. It is still more
dangerous to leave him in ignorance of both. But it is very advantageous to
show him both. Man must not think that he is on a level either with the
brutes
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who have attempted to destroy it.

And thus true believers have no pretext to follow that laxity, which is only
offered to them by the strange hands of these casuists, instead of the sound
doctrine which is presented to them by the fatherly hands of their own
pastors. And the ungodly and heretics have no ground for publishing these
abuses as evidence of imperfection in the providence of God over His Church;
since, the Church consisting properly in the body of the hierarchy, we are
so far from being able to conclude from the present state of matters that
God has abandoned her to corruption, that it has never been more apparent
than at the present time that God visibly protects her from corruption.

For if some of these men, who, by an extraordinary vocation, have made
profession of withdrawing from the world and adopting the monks' dress, in
order to live in a more perfect state than ordinary Christians, have fallen
into excesses which horrify ordinary Christians, and have become to us what
the false prophets were among the Jews; this is a private and personal
misfortune, which must indeed be deplored, but from which nothing can be
inferred against the care which God takes of His Church; since
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of the world in general are the same. Plerumque gratae
principibus vices.[47]

355. Continuous eloquence wearies.

Princes and kings sometimes play. They are not always on their thrones. They
weary there. Grandeur must be abandoned to be appreciated. Continuity in
everything is unpleasant. Cold is agreeable, that we may get warm.

Nature acts by progress, itus et reditus. It goes and returns, then advances
further, then twice as much backwards, then more forward than ever, etc.

The tide of the sea behaves in the same manner; and so, apparently, does the
sun in its course.

356. The nourishment of the body is little by little. Fullness of
nourishment and smallness of substance.

357. When we would pursue virtues to their extremes on either side, vices
present themselves, which insinuate themselves insensibly there, in their
insensible journey towards the infinitely little; and vices present
themselves in a crowd towards the infinitely great, so that we lose
ourselves in them and no longer see virtues. We find fault with perfection
itself.

358. Man is neither angel nor brute, and the unfortunate thing is that he
who would act the angel acts the brute.

359. We do not sustain ourselves in virtue by our own strength, but by the
balancing of two opposed vices, just as we remain upright amidst two
contrary gales. Remove one of the vices, and we fall into the other.

360. What the Stoics propose is so difficult and foolish!

The Stoics lay down that all those who are not at the high degree of wisdom
are equally foolish and vicious, as those who are two inches under water.

361. The sovereign good. Dispute about the sovereign good.--Ut sis contentus
temetipso et ex te nascentibus bonis.48 There is a contradi
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to
say that it is foolish to seek greatness?

162. He who will know fully the vanity of man has only to consider the
causes and effects of love. The cause is a je ne sais quoi (Corneille), and
the effects are dreadful. This je ne sais quoi, so small an object that we
cannot recognise it, agitates a whole country, princes, armies, the entire
world.

Cleopatra's nose: had it been shorter, the whole aspect of the world would
have been altered.

163. Vanity.--The cause and the effects of love: Cleopatra.

164. He who does not see the vanity of the world is himself very vain.
Indeed who do not see it but youths who are absorbed in fame, diversion, and
the thought of the future? But take away diversion, and you will see them
dried up with weariness. They feel then their nothingness without knowing
it; for it is indeed to be unhappy to be in insufferable sadness as soon as
we are reduced to thinking of self and have no diversion.

165. Thoughts.--In omnibus requiem quaesivi.21 If our condition were truly
happy, we not need diversion from thinking of it in order to make ourselves
happy.

166. Diversion.--Death is easier to bear without thinking of it than is the
thought of death without peril.

167. The miseries of human life has established all this: as men have seen
this, they have taken up diversion.

168. Diversion.--As men are not able to fight against death, misery,
ignorance, they have taken it into thei
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and made them the more earnest that they also might share in the
great blessings that others had obtained.

This remarkable pouring out in the Spirit of God, which thus extended
from one end to the other of this county, was not confined to it, but
many places in Connecticut have partaken in the same mercy. For
instance, the first parish in Windsor, under the pastoral care of the
Rev. Mr. Marsh, was thus blest about the same time as we in Northampton,
while we had no knowledge of each other's circumstances. There has been
a very great ingathering of souls to Christ in that place, and something
considerable of the same work began afterwards in East Windsor, my
honored father's parish, which has in times past been a place favored
with mercies of this nature, above any on this western side of New
England, excepting Northampton; there having been four or five seasons
of the pouring out of the Spirit to the general awakening of the people
there, since my father's settlement amongst them.

There was also the last spring and summer a wonderful work of God
carried on at Coventry, under the ministry of the Rev. Mr. Meacham. I
had opportunity to converse with some Coventry people, who gave me a
very remarkable account of the surprising change that appeared in the
most rude and vicious persons there. The like was also very great at the
same time in a part of Lebanon, called the Crank, where the Rev. Mr.
Wheelock, a young gentleman, is lately settled: and there has been much
of the same at Durham, under the ministry of the Rev. Mr. Chauncey; and
to appearance no small ingathering of souls there. Likewise amongst many
of the young people in the first precinct in Stratford, under the
ministry of the Rev. Mr. Gould; where the work was much promoted by the
remarkable conversion of a young woman who had been a great
company-keeper, as it was here.

Something of this
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quod debui ultra facere vineae meae, et non faci ei?
"What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it?"

[208]Gal. 1:8. "But though an angel."

209Ps. 41:4. "Where is thy God?"

[210]Ps. 111:4. "Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness."

211"The yes and the no."

212Is. 10:1. "Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees."

213John 15:24. "If he had not done."

214John 15:24. "If he had not done among them the works which none other man
did."

215Prov. 26. 4-5. "Answer... Answer not."

[216]Epistle 63. "Priest of the Lord."

[217]Luke 22:26. "But ye shall not be so."

[218]John 10:30. "I and my father are one."

219John 5:7. "And these three agree in one."

220"The strictest law is the greatest injustice." Terrence, Heauton
Timorumenus, iv. 5. 47; and Cicero, De officiis, i. 10.

221John 21:17. "Feed my sheep." Not "yours."

222"The Church will never be reformed."

223Jas. 4:6. "God giveth grace unto the humble."

224"But did he not give them humility?"

225John 1:11-12. "The world knew him not; and his own received him not."

226"And were they not his?"

227Rom. 12:2 "But overcome evil with good."

2282 Tim. 4:3. "Shall they heap to themselves teachers."

229Ps. 81:6. "Ye are gods."
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be gained, equals the finite good
which is certainly staked against the uncertain infinite. It is not so, as
every player stakes a certainty to gain an uncertainty, and yet he stakes a
finite certainty to gain a finite uncertainty, without transgressing against
reason. There is not an infinite distance between the certainty staked and
the uncertainty of the gain; that is untrue. In truth, there is an infinity
between the certainty of gain and the certainty of loss. But the uncertainty
of the gain is proportioned to the certainty of the stake according to the
proportion of the chances of gain and loss. Hence it comes that, if there
are as many risks on one side as on the other, the course is to play even;
and then the certainty of the stake is equal to the uncertainty of the gain,
so far is it from fact that there is an infinite distance between them. And
so our proposition is of infinite force, when there is the finite to stake
in a game where there are equal risks of gain and of loss, and the infinite
to gain. This is demonstrable; and if men are capable of any truths, this is
one.

"I confess it, I admit it. But, still, is there no means of seeing the faces
of the cards?" Yes, Scripture and the rest, etc. "Yes, but I have my hands
tied and my mouth closed; I am forced to wager, and am not free. I am not
released, and am so made that I cannot believe. What, then, would you have
me do?"

True. But at least learn your inability to believe, since reason brings you
to this, and yet you cannot believe. Endeavour, then, to convince yourself,
not by increase of proofs of God, but by the abatement of your passions. You
would like to attain faith and do not know the way; you would like to cure
yourself of unbelief and ask the remedy for it. Learn of those who have been
bound like you, and who now stake all their possessions. These are people
who know the way which you would follow, and who are cured of an ill
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but there are
always some nerves touched.

369. Memory is necessary for all the operations of reason.

370. Chance gives rise to thoughts, and chance removes them; no art can keep
or acquire them.

A thought has escaped me. I wanted to write it down. I write instead that it
has escaped me.

371. When I was small, I hugged my book; and because it sometimes happened
to me to... in believing I hugged it, I doubted....

372. In writing down my thought, it sometimes escapes me; but this makes me
remember my weakness, that I constantly forget. This is as instructive to me
as my forgotten thought; for I strive only to know my nothingness.

373. Scepticism.--I shall here write my thoughts without order, and not
perhaps in unintentional confusion; that is true order, which will always
indicate my object by its very disorder. I should do too much honour to my
subject, if I treated it with order, since I want to show that it is
incapable of it.

374. What astonishes me most is to see that all the world is not astonished
at its own weakness. Men act seriously, and each follows his own mode of
life, not because it is in fact good to follow since it is the custom, but
as
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He
is come to the eyes of the heart, which perceive wisdom!

It would have been useless for Archimedes to have acted the prince in his
books on geometry, although he was a prince.

It would have been useless for our Lord Jesus Christ to come like a king, in
order to shine forth in His kingdom of holiness. But He came there
appropriately in the glory of His own order.

It is most absurd to take offence at the lowliness of Jesus Christ, as if
His lowliness were in the same order as the greatness which He came to
manifest. If we consider this greatness in His life, in His passion, in His
obscurity, in His death, in the choice of His disciples, in their desertion,
in His secret resurrection, and the rest, we shall see it to be so immense
that we shall have no reason for being offended at a lowliness which is not
of that order.

But there are some who can only admire worldly greatness, as though there
were no intellectual greatness; and others who only admire intellectual
greatness, as though there were not infinitely higher things in wisdom.

All bodies, the firmament, the stars, the earth and its kingdoms, are not
equal to the lowest mind; for mind knows all these and itself; and these
bodies nothing.

All bodies together, and all minds together, and all their products, are not
equal to the least feeling of charity. This is of an order infinitely more
exalted.

From all bodies together, we cannot obtain one little thought; this is
impossible and of another order. From all bodies and minds, we cannot
produce a feeli
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element which
now draws closest to us is that portion of the Orient with which the
adventurer warred and sinned long ago, and which bears the deep scars
of sin and battle.

As the old hulk is moored alongside, in order that the man of Western
enterprise may cross with greater facility the gangplank and develop
latent resources on the other side, the Easterner hurries across from
his side to ours with no less eagerness, to pick up gold in a land
where it seems so abundant to him. Almost unnoticed, the Orient is
telescoping its way into the very heart of the Occident, and with
fearful portent and peril, particularly to the Western woman.

This is not what is desired, but it will be inevitable. Exclusion
laws must finally give way before the pressure. Already the Orient is
knocking vigorously at the door of the Occident, and unless admission
is granted soon, measures of retaliation will be operated to force an
entrance. How to administer them the Orient already knows, for has
not the door to his domicile been already forced open by the Western
trader? The Orient is fast arming for the conflict.

The men of the days of sailing vessels, who went to the far East and
made sport of and trampled upon the virtue of the women of a weaker
nation, have not all died in peace, leaving their vices far off
and gathering virtues about them to crown their old age with
venerableness. Some have lived to see that whatsoever man soweth that
shall he also reap. They have lived to see the tide setting in in the
other direction, and the human wreckage of past vices swept by the
current of immigration close to their own domicile. Their own children
are in danger of being engulfed in the polluting flood of Oriental
life in our midst. After many days vices come home. Man sowed the
wind; the
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the United States, by
the Civil War, and we will have none of it again. It will never be
tolerated under the Stars and Stripes; and when you can think of
nothing else to do, you can always go aside and cry to the Judge of
all the earth to "execute righteousness and judgment for all that are
oppressed," as He has promised to do, if we but call upon Him.

Now read on with a heart full of courage, not caring for the haunting
pain that will be left when you lay the book aside. What others have
had to suffer, you can at least endure to hear about, in order to put
a check upon like suffering in the future, and in our own land, too.
A country bathed in blood as ours has once been has met already its
terrible judgment for not throttling the monster, Slavery, in its
infancy, before it cost so much blood and treasure. We will be wiser
another time, and refuse to trifle with such great wrongs. We cannot
brave the Omnipotent wrath in a second judgment for the same offense,
lest He say to us: "Ye have not hearkened unto Me, in proclaiming
liberty, everyone to his brother, and every man to his neighbor;
behold, I proclaim a liberty unto you, saith
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up. I thought I better get away before
she killed me. When she was having her hair washed and dressed I
ran away. I had heard of the Mission, and inquired the way and
came to it. A white man brought me here. I am very happy now."
While being brought to the Mission by this gentleman, she laid
hold of his coat, and would not let go until she was safely
inside. It is significant that in this case and the following,
methods of punishment allowed even unto death by Chinese law, are
administered by the mistresses of slaves in America.

No. 2. "One day I was playing in the street near my home in
Canton, and a man kidnaped me. He said: 'Come with me; your mother
told me to take you to buy something for her, and you are to take
it back.' I have never seen my father and mother since. In 3 or 4
days I was taken to the Hong Kong steamer. I dared not cry on the
street, but on board the steamer I cried very much. The kidnaper
said: 'Don't you cry, or you will have the policeman after you,
and they'll take you off to the foreign devils' prison.' At Hong
Kong he sold me to a woman, and after staying at her house a few
days she brought me to California. I had a yellow paper given me,
but I don't know what it was. The woman told me I must say I was
born in California. I came here last winter. I am 11 years old.
I don't remember the name of the steamer. The woman sold me to
another woman.
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San-Fat, petitioned the Colonial Secretary at Hong Kong in regard to
the custody of his little daughter, whom, "under stress of poverty,"
he had given away to a man named Leung A-Tsit, the October previous,
the understanding being that the latter should find her a husband when
she grew up, and should not send her away to other ports. In May the
parents learned from A-Sin, employed by Leung A-Tsit, that the latter
was going to take away the little girl to another place. After taxing
the man with this, and receiving only excuses in reply, the father
petitioned that Leung A-Tsit should be prevented from carrying out
his design. Leung A-Tsit filed a counter-petition, stating that Tsang
San-Fat, being unable to support a family, handed over to him his
little daughter, aged six years; that the little girl was to become
his daughter and to be brought up by him, he paying $23 to the
parents. He accused the father of trying to extort money from him, and
appealed for "protection" from "impending calamities." Later, further
facts came out, showing that the father of the child had borrowed $5
three years before from Leung A-Tsit, which, with interest at ten
cents per month for every dollar, now amounted to $23. The September
before, his creditor came and demanded payment, and when the father
told him he had no money, and found it very difficult to provide
for his family, Leung A-Tsit said: "Very well, you can give me your
daughter instead, and when she is grown up I will find her a husband."
It was finally agreed that he should have the little girl for $25,
viz., the $23 already owing, an
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of the better elements of Christian
society at Singapore and Hong Kong, which could be played upon by
treacherous, corrupt officials by the flimsy device of calling the
ravishing of native women "protection," and the most brazen forms of
slavery "servitude." To this extent the individual Christians of these
colonies are in many cases guilty of compromise with slavery; and to
this extent the title of this book applies to them.

The vices of European and American men in the Orient have not been
the development of climate but of opportunity. It is not so easy in
Christian lands to stock immoral houses with slaves, for the reason
that the slaves are not present with which to do it. Women have
freedom and cannot be openly bought and sold even in marriage; women
have self-reliance and self-respect in a Christian country; they have
a clean, decent religion; women who worship the true God have His
protecting arm to defend themselves, and through them other women
who do not personally worship God share in the benefits. If free,
independent women of God were as scarce in America as in Hong Kong the
same moral conditions would prevail here, without regard to climate,
for, _if women could be bought and sold and reduced by force to
prostitution, there are libertines enough, and they have propensities
strong enough to enter at once upon the business, even in America_.
That which has elevated women above this slave condition is the
development of a self-respect and dignity born of the Christian faith.
But let us take warni
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-Ying came
and asked if she wanted two girls, as she had two who had come
from Canton. "The girls were brought, and after being in the house
a short time the Inspector came. I purposed having their names
entered on the following morning." The brothel-keeper was fined
five dollars for keeping an incorrect list of inmates. Ho-a-Ying
was convicted of giving false testimony, and fined fifty dollars;
in default, three months' imprisonment. No information as to the
disposal of the girls, and no punishment for this bargaining in
human flesh.

4. Six Chinese persons from licensed brothel No. 71, Wellington
Street, were arraigned before the Registrar General, charged with
buying and selling girls for evil purposes, and also with selling
girls to go to California, and with disturbing the peace. The
Inspector described the house thus: "I found all the defendants
on the first floor. I found six girls in the house and three
children. The floor was very crowded ... four of the girls were
in a room by themselves at the back of the house. They were all
huddled up together, and seemed frightened. The defendants were
in the front part of the house. The girls at the back part of the
house could not have got out without passing through the room
where the defendants were. This house has been known to me for a
long time as one where young girls were kept to be shipped off to
California."

A watch-repairer and jeweler who had resided opposite this place
for three or four years decl
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of Chinese
women in 1899 to the public hospital at Singapore, besides numbers
of other cases to private hospitals maintained by the keepers of
the houses of ill-fame.

"Many passages in the correspondence give evidence of a continual
import traffic going on, which the head of the Regulation
Department, the 'Protector of Chinese,' at Singapore, seems to
have made some effort to counteract. He speaks of ten girls
between 9 and 15 that he attempted to rescue from sale to
a traveling dealer, but who were returned to their former
surroundings on a writ of _habeas corpus_ by the Supreme Court;
but upon information in regard to this case reaching the Colonial
office in London, correspondence ensued which resulted in Mr.
Chamberlain directing an alteration of the law to meet the case of
the prosecution which had so lamentably failed.

"The Protector of Chinese also tells of 'girls under ten years of
age who are bought and sold in the colony,' 'brought from China
for purposes of sale,' 'generally sold to inmates of brothels,'
and of women who are 'in the habit of arriving from China with
relays of babies' for the same purpose. The Straits Settlements
Government thus attempts to cut off a twig here and there of the
tree of this evil traffic, whilst leaving untouched the root and
trunk of the tree itself, the State protection of vice, by which
it is made practicable safely to invest large capital in this most
nefarious but lucrative traffic.
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with him, and this Attorney General's
language betrays hot prejudice, lack of candor as regarded the facts,
and insolence toward Sir John Smale.

The Attorney General has a fling at the Chief Justice as
"impracticable," yet the only practical suggestion that the former
makes in his letter as to how to meet the conditions he seems to have
taken from Sir John Smale's own words upon which he was asked to
express an opinion. The Chief Justice had said:

"I think the evils complained of might be lessened,--(1) By a
better registration of the inmates of brothels, and by frequently
bringing them before persons to whom they might freely speak as to
their position and wishes, and by such authoritative interference
with the brothel-keepers as should keep them well in fear of
exercising acts of tyranny. (2) By a stringently enforced register
of all inmates of Chinese dwelling-houses, &c., (at least of all
servants) with full inquiry into the conditions of servitude, and
an authoritative restoration of unwilling servants to freedom from
servitude. This would apply to 10,000 (according to Dr. Eitel
20,000) bond servants in Hong Kong."

The injustice of the attack of the Attorney General upon Sir John
Smale was not ignored by Governor Hennessy, when he forwarded Mr.
O'Malley's letter to London. He said:

"The apparent difference between Mr. O'Malley's views on brothel
slavery and the views of Sir John Smale is due to the fact that
Sir John Smale knew that the real brothel slavery exists in the
brothels where Chinese women are provided for European soldiers
and sailors, whereas Mr. O'Malley, in discarding the use of the
word slavery, does so on the assumption that all the Hong Kong
bro
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man who prostitutes the healing art to the service of libertines,
in making it healthier, if possible, for them to defy the commandments
of that same Divine Master. Such doctors are the offscouring of the
medical profession.

A Chinaman one day entered Mr. Pickering's office at the Protectorate
in Singapore, accused him of selling his brother into slavery, and
tried to brain him with an axe. The blow was not fatal, but the
"Protector," if living, is still in a mad house.

The attitude of the average official mind in this part of the world,
among the British, as betrayed by innumerable expressions in their own
documents, is perhaps most precisely put by Mr. Swettenham. British
Resident at Perak. Speaking of measures adopted to make vice more
healthy, he says: "As to the Chinese, the only question in the minds
of members (of the Council) was whether such an Order would not drive
the women from the state," and then he declares the measures were
introduced cautiously and gradually ... "The steps already taken have
been with the object of protecting Chinese women from ill treatment
and oppression in a state of life ... where the labour required is
compulsory prostitution for the benefit of unscrupulous masters ...
and secondly, in the interest of public order and decency ..." "always
remembering that where the males so enormously outnumber the females,
the prostitute is a necessary evil," "I have avoided any reference to
the moral question," continues Mr. Swettenham, "Morality is dependent
on the influence of climate, religious belief, education, and the
feeling of society. All these conditions differ in different parts of
the world."




CHAPTER 14.

PROTECTIVE ORDINANCES.


After eighteen years' hard struggle, the British Aboli
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work and worn out with crying, after the cruel punishment which
had just been administered, the lonely little girl crawled on to
the hard wooden shelf which served as a bed, and with no covering
but the dirty, forlorn garment worn through the day, had dropped
off to sleep. Thus she was easily captured and carried to the
Mission, where upon examination it was found that her head had
been severely cut from blows administered with a meat knife, the
hair was matted with blood and the child's whole body was covered
with filth, and showed signs of former punishments. After the
first fears of "being poisoned" were allayed, Ngun Fah expressed
herself as being very happy to be rescued from the suffering
and weariness of her life in Chinatown. Her master sent many
emissaries to the Home with offers of bribes, and many promises
of better treatment in the future, but all these overtures were
rejected, and when at length the matter of guardianship came up,
there was no one present to claim the child but her new friends at
the Mission Home.

No. 3. Suey Ying. Our dear baby was surely sent to dispel any
clouds of sadness which may be hovering round, for she takes all
of life as a huge joke. And where did Suey Ying come from? From a
part of Chinatown, dear friend, that you would not dare to enter,
and the strangest thing about her coming is that she was carri
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by purchase from
brothels, and as a consequence often have no children by them, hence
the high value of a child who can be purchased for a son. The real
wife and family of the Chinese man generally remain in China, the
matrimonial relations of the man in America being wholly spurious.
This admixture of the brothel element with all Chinese home life in
the United States makes this country very undesirable as a residence
for virtuous Chinese women, and largely discourages the immigration of
respectable Chinese wives, whose presence with their husbands might
greatly tend to the uplifting of the entire Chinese community.

There are probably as many domestic slaves as brothel slaves among the
Chinese of the United States. Every well-to-do heathen Chinese family
keeps a slave or two, and the rich Chinese keep a large number.
Polygamy is practiced, as at Hong Kong, to a larger extent than
prevails generally in China, and it is not uncommon to find a Chinese
in California with from five to seven concubines. The Chinese man
in the United States takes his domestic slave, if
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such reports for the
_Public_, and such an _Official Report_, "not _intended_ to be
_published_"?

This same Dr. Murray's Annual Report for the _Public_ for
1867, was _actually put in evidence before the House of Lords'
Committee_ on venereal diseases--1868, page 135. "Venereal disease
here has now become of _comparatively rare occurrence_." Yet the
_Army_ Report for the previous year (1866, page 115) states that
"the admissions to hospital for venereal disease were 281 per 1000
men;" i.e., more than one man in four of the whole soldiery had
been in hospital for this "comparatively rare" disease.

As regards the Navy, Dr. Murray says, "the evidence of Dr.
Bernard, the Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals and Fleets, is
even more satisfactory. He writes (Jan. 27), 'I am enabled to say
that true syphilis is now rarely contracted by our men in Hong
Kong.'" Yet the "China station," in which Hong Kong occupies so
important a position, had at the time 25 per cent. more _secondary
(true) syphilis than any other naval station in the world, except
one (the S.E. American_); it had 101 of _primary (true) against
68 in the North American_, 31 in the S.E. American, and 22 in the
Australian stations (_all unprotected_); and _gonorrhoea_ was
_higher than in any other naval station in the world_. This
_official_ misleading feature is to be found in other quarters
than Dr. Murray's Reports; for in the _Navy_ Report for 1873
(p. 282), Staff Surgeon Bennett, medical officer of the ship
permanently stationed in Hong Kong, says--"Owing to the excellent
working of the Contagio
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still remains in the service of the Government,
both at Singapore and at Hong Kong. By the ruse of denominating all
the tasks connected with the Government management of immoral houses
at Singapore "protection," the Chief Inspector of brothels in this
place holds a more honored place in the community than at Hong Kong.
As to Mr. Scott's ironical questions in regard to that officer's
rank, we cannot answer, nor whether he is invited to the Governor's
receptions; but Mr. Scott would have been astounded, indeed, had
he, like ourselves, first met the Chief Inspector of brothels at a
reception given to ministers of the Gospel and missionaries; had he,
like ourselves, been introduced to the official by a minister of the
Gospel than whom none stands higher in British India, and that in
terms of eulogy of the Inspector's activity in Christian work. How
can we explain such a state of affairs? Just as we would explain the
religiousness of early days of America and England associated with the
monstrous cruelty of the slave traffic. There is often in connection
with great human wrong great moral confusion, and without judging the
individuals living under such conditions, we can say emphatically,
those conditions are most undesirable, and attended by moral peril,
especially to the young. It is a truly lamentable thing when prolonged
familiarity with vicious conditions leads to such lack of discernment
as to a man's true character, even among the best portion of a
community. We do not wish such a state of things as this in America.

California does not lack in excellent laws (as they read, in the
Statute Book), for the suppression of prostitution. There are laws
against procuring; against trading in Oriental women for evil
pu
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the case was reopened, and "evidence was given
calculated to throw the gravest doubts on the credibility of the
informers" against these five women. What was then done? Were the
informers punished for giving false evidence designed to work
incalculable injury to five innocent women? Not at all. A few days
later the same informers were employed again as witnesses, and secured
the conviction of three more women. In one case, in 1870, it was
proved that an informer had entered a house and made an indecent
assault upon a woman, doubtless expecting to get his reward as usual.
But he was fined ten pounds instead. But how many others may have
done the same thing under circumstances where a sufficient number of
witnesses to the assault could not be produced. And then, the man
would be rewarded and the woman forced at once to take up her
residence in a licensed house of shame. The Acting Registrar General
played the part of informer during 1870, and punished as judge the
woman he accused before himself,--for the law, as we have said, that
came into force in 1867 gave the Registrar General both prosecuting
and judicial powers. He probably also induced the woman on Government
money to commit adultery with him. Then as the judge he would
confiscate the money again, and give her a fine of fifty dollars
instead. We wonder if he likewise gave himself a "substantial award
from the bench," as the Registrar General was accustomed to give other
informers when they succeeded in getting evidence sufficient for
conviction. It is noticed by the Commission that one woman this same
year escaped by the roof at the peril of her life. No one knows how
many more may have done the same.

An inspector, Peterson, and a constable, Rylands, each induced women
on the street to accept money of them, and these women were punished
as prostitutes in hiding and not registere
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is under the age of sixteen years, may ... order such
girl to be removed to a place of safety," etc., etc. The way seemed
perfectly clear under such laws, to secure the safety of the children.

At the door of the Refuge we were glad to escape from our jinrikshas
into the cool shade of the house. The Matron seemed much troubled, and
spoke of things that she had not understood previously, but now that
she had learned many things from our investigations and from her own
questioning of the girls, they had taken on a painful meaning to her.

Our hearts grew heavier and heavier as we talked together. The
Matron, said: "Why, I thought when I came here it was to do a regular
Christian work for these girls. That was my purpose, but the more I
inquire into the matter, and study over the things I am expected to do
and ask no questions, such as sending girls over to the Lock Hospital
at the Chief Inspector's request, the more I feel that I am being
worked for purposes of which I cannot approve. I cannot stay here."

At last we got to ask her about her talk with the Inspector. "What
did he say when you told him what we discovered the
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would be the surest way of
allowing them to get quickly beyond control. "But you cannot make men
moral by act of parliament, and it is foolish to try; to put a man in
jail will not change him from a thief into an honest man." "But," you
reply, "we do not punish men for stealing and for murder for their own
good, but for the good of the community at large." Certainly. Then
what becomes of the argument that because men will not become pure by
act of parliament they are to be allowed to commit their depredations
unmolested? The primary object of law is not reformatory but
protective,--for the victims of lawlessness.

Our great Law-Giver, Jesus Christ, admitted a certain necessity of
evil, but He did not say, "therefore license it, to keep it within
bounds." He said, "It _must needs be_ that offenses come." But His
remedy for keeping the offenses within bounds was, "woe to that man by
whom the offense cometh." As inevitably as the offense was committed
so invariably must the punishment fall on the offender's head. That
is the only way to keep any evil within bounds. This is the principle
that underlies all law.

These Hong Kong officials who believed in the licensing of brothel
slavery and brought it about, have much to say about the "unfortunate
creatures" who were the victims of men. But if the advocate of license
is self-deceived in his attitude towar
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During this year, an inspector named Johnson
presented a woman with a counterfeit dollar, and because she accepted
the money she was condemned as a keeper of an unregistered house, and
fined twenty-five dollars. This sum she would be less able to pay than
the average American woman ten times as much, so low are wages in that
country.

In 1862, an inspector of brothels, a policeman, and the Bailiff of
the Supreme Court, acted as informers; also in eleven cases European
constables in plain clothes, and on two occasions a master of a ship.
In 1863 the sworn belief alone of the inspector secured convictions in
10 cases. In 1864, as far as the records show, public money was first
used by informers to induce women to commit adultery with them, in
order to secure their conviction, fine them, and enroll their abodes
as registered brothels. Inspector Jones and Police Sergeant Daly,
having spent ten dollars in self-indulgence in native houses, the
Government reimbursed them and punished the women.

In 1865, on three separate occasions, the "Protector," (Acting
Registrar General Deane), "declared" houses, nine in number. Soon any
sort of testimony was gladly welcomed, and Malays, East Indians and
Chinese all turned informers, and money was not only given them with
which to open the way for debauchery, but awards upon conviction of
the women with whom they consorted. "The Chinese used for this work
were chiefly Lokongs, [native police constables], Inspector Peterson's
servant and a cook at No. 8 Police Station. The depositions show
that in at least five cases the police and their informers received
rewards. Three times their exertions were remunerated by sums of
twenty dollars, although in one of these instances the evidence was
apparently volunteered. Arch and Collins [Europeans] once got five
dollars each, and Chinese constables received similar amounts." In
many of
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proper exists. What I assert is that family life does not, in the
proper Chinese sense, exist in Hong Kong, and that although, under
certain very restricted conditions, the buying and selling, and
adopting and taking as concubines, boys and girls in China proper,
is permitted as exceptions to the penalties inflicted by Chinese
law in China proper, these conditions do not exist in Hong Kong;
and that the conditions necessary to these exceptions in their
favor in the Chinese Criminal Code do not exist in Hong Kong,
and that the penalties would apply, if in China, to all such
transactions as I have denounced in Hong Kong, of that I have no
doubt. Dr. Eitel's vindication is of a system as recognized in an
express exception to the Penal Code in China proper, which may,
for aught I know, work well in China. What I have said is that the
practices in Hong Kong do not come within the cases which are only
the exception to the penal enactments in the Chinese Code against
all such bondage in China. I have never said ... that all buying
and selling of children for adoption or domestic service is
contrary to Chinese law. What I have said is that all such buying
and selling of children as has come within my cognizance in Hong
Kong is contrary to Chinese law; but I do think that buying and
selling even for adoption and domestic servitude under the best
circumstances, constitutes slavery; legal according to Chinese
law, but illegal according to British law. Reference is made to
Chinese gentlemen; I believe that not one of them has his 'house'
in Hong Kong; the wife (small-footed) is kept at the family home
in China. Each of them has his harem only in Hong Kong. There may
be an
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new ones are got
from Canton. If these girls are not slaves in every sense of the
word, there is no such thing as slavery in existence. If this
buying and selling for the purpose of training female children up
for this life is not slave-dealing, then never was such a thing
as slave-dealing in this world. There are 18,000 to 20,000
prostitutes in Hong Kong to 4,000 or 5,000 respectable Chinese
women.... Once in five years the stock has to be renewed. It is
for this purpose, and not for the legitimate or quasi-legitimate
purposes of Chinese adoption and Chinese family life, that
children and women are kidnaped and bought and sold ... Until
this slave-holding and slave-dealing are entirely suppressed, the
grosser abuses arising out of it and incidental to it (kidnaping
of women and children) can never be put an end to."

It was on May 20th, 1880, that the Secretary of State asked for the
first statement of Sir John Smale's views as to kidnaping and domestic
slavery. His reply is dated August 26th, and in it he refers to
reasons for his delay in replying, of which the Governor is "well
aware." His supplementary letter enclosing the Memorandum of slavery
by Mr. Francis, was dated Nov. 24th, 1880. On April 2nd, 1881, he
wrote a third time to the Colonial Secretary, from which we gather
that even up to that time his explanations had not been forwarded to
Lord Kimberley, Secretary of State. Said he:

"I had hoped that these letters would have been forwarded
last year, in the belief that they might have induced a less
unfavorable view by Lord Kimberley of my judicial action as to
these matters, and with the more important object of presenting
what appears to me to be the great gravity of the evils I have
denounced, as they affect the moral status of the Colony, in order
that some remedy may be applied to them.... I am informed that His
Excellency the Governor ha
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are on the inside track here, as to making
money through these slaves. The building has been erected and is
owned by Americans, and one man of European name is a partner in the
immediate management of the place. On our first visit to this building
we were informed on reliable information that there were 125 Japanese
and over 50 Chinese girls in the place, and 100 more were expected to
arrive within a few days. Besides these, there are also Chinese slaves
in almost every Chinese settlement throughout the United States. In
California, they are to be found largely at San Francisco, Oakland,
Sacramento, Stockton, Fresno, Bakersfield, San Jose, Watsonville,
Monterey and Los Angeles. Willing or unwilling, the Chinese prostitute
is none the less a slave, bought and sold at pleasure from one to
another, earning wealth for others and never for herself. Recently,
three girls who were taken from a den in San Francisco, declared that
they had been sold for three thousand dollars apiece to the keeper,
and that they were flogged when their earnings for the keeper fell
below three hundred dollars each a month. If the prostitute were not
willing to be a slave, that would not procure her liberty,--it would
only procure her more abuse than the willing slave. On the ship
coming over, the slaves are well drilled in their task on arrival, of
swearing themselves into slavery, and well threatened if they dare
to disobey. Then they are packed with stories as to the terrible
character of Americans, particularly the rescue workers. One Chinese
girl concluded she would take all the abuse of the rescue home rather
than forego a chance for liberty, though she knew of no reason to
disbelieve the fearful warnings she had received. On the first night
of her arrival she did not undress nor go to bed when the other girls
retired. Someone found her standing about, and asked her why she
was not off for bed. She replied p
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infanticide will extremely increase beyond what it ever was. The
heinousness of the violation of the great Creator's benevolence,
which constitutes infanticide, is beyond comparison with the
indulgence granted to the system of buying and selling children to
prolong their existence."

As though these benevolent persons only bought slaves for this one
laudable purpose, to preserve their lives! "As regards the buyers,
they look upon themselves as affording relief to distressed people,
and consider the matter as an act akin to charity," etc.

A flood of light is let in upon the matter of the reluctance of
British officials to move in the putting down of domestic slavery and
the buying and selling of boys among the natives, in the following
well-deserved thrust at the weak point in the armor of the British
officials:

"The office of the Registrar-General was charged with the
superintendence of prostitutes and the licensing of brothels
and similar affairs. But _from 80 to 90 per cent of all these
prostitutes in Hong Kong were brought into these brothels by
purchase, as is well known to everybody_. If buying and selling is
a matter of a criminal character, the proper thing would be, first
of all, to abolish this evil (brothel slavery). But how comes
it that since the first establishment of the Colony down to the
present day the same old practice prevails in these licensed
brothels, and has never been forbidden or abolished?"

This was a center shot, and calculated to weaken the han
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public could hardly have been devised, and it is
painful to reflect that the whole arrangement is the product of
Western civilization, such scenes being utterly unknown in China
except in the treaty ports, where public prostitution has also
been introduced by Europeans.

Taking Singapore as a sample of the working of this system of
regulated vice in the Straits Settlements, we will now proceed
to inquire into the means by which this army of prostitutes is
recruited. Out of the total of 1,800 prostitutes in Singapore the
Chinese women number on the average 1,600, and last year (1892) no
less than 621 women entered brothels from China and Hong Kong, in
spite of which the number of inmates fell from 1,657 in January
to 1,601 in December, so that it may fairly be inferred that more
than 650 women are required annually to fill up the vacancies
which occur. In order to explain the manner in which this large
number of girls and young women are obtained each year, it must be
stated that all the affairs connected with the inmates of houses
of ill-fame in the Straits Settlements are in the hands of
the brothel-keepers. These persons in Penang have formed a
"Brothel-keepers' Guild," which appears in the Report of the
Chinese Protectorate as one of the registered societies of that
town and boasts of 297 members. The brothel-keepers of Singapore
are probably banded together in the same way, and in proportion to
the numb
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10 p.m. until 5 a.m., but failed in his
errand. Why did she not turn him out of the house? Women were
frequently fined for daring to resent the aggressions of these
informers. In one case a man was struck for trying to obstruct the
arrest of a girl of 14, and later was punished. This girl was proved
to be a virgin afterwards. Many women and girls, against whom there
was no sufficient evidence, were sent to the Lock Hospital for
examination in order to determine in that manner their character. In
half-a-dozen cases or so, it is recorded that the result determined
the virginity of the person. But such a test as this rests upon the
accidental presence of an exceptional condition among even virgins,
and what became of those who did not answer to the exceptional test,
and yet were as pure as the rest? They would everyone of them be
consigned to the fate of a brothel slave.

One informer, "with the assistance of public money, and in the
interests of justice," according to the Commission's report, sinned
with a child of fifteen in order to get her name on the register.
Inspector Horton bargained for the deflowering of a virgin of 15, "in
the interests of justice," with the owner of the slave child. The
child as well as the owner were then taken to the Lock Hospital, where
the latter was proved to be a virgin. A Chinese informer consorted
with a girl named Tai-Yau "against her will, which led to his being
rewarded, and to her being fined one hundred dollars." She was unable
to pay the fine, and sold her little boy in part payment for it, in
order to escape a life of prostitution.

But need we go into further painful details? There are hundreds more
of such cases of cruel wrong on record, and God alone knows how many
thousands of cases there are that have never been put on record. We
only aim to give a case here
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office of the Protector of Chinese, to be questioned as to their
willingness to lead a life of shame; but the value of this
interrogation may be inferred from the fact that the subordinate
officer to whom this duty is generally assigned is not acquainted
with the language spoken by the women. As a further precaution
against the illegal detention of women and girls in brothels, a
Government notice is posted in each of these houses, to the effect
that the inmates are perfectly at liberty to leave whenever they
like, but this is of little use, as hardly any of them can read,
and it would be more to the purpose if the Government ordered the
removal of the bars from the doors and windows of the brothels.
The fact is that these precautions against illegal detention are
practically useless, and this is admitted even by the editor of
such a paper as the _Hong Kong Daily Press_, who some time ago
discussed the question _apropos_ of the suicide of a Hong Kong
prostitute who was desirous of being married. The man who wished
to marry her offered the pocket-mother a sum of $2,000, but she
demanded $2,300 and refused to part with the woman for less;
whereupon she hung herself. The following comments on this case
are from the _Hong Kong Daily Press_:

"It would appear on the face of it that the efforts of the
Government are absolutely impotent
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but four weeks and five days old. Her
parents being very poor and having several other children, she was
disposed of to a man who was a friend of the father. The wife,
however, was an inmate of an immoral house. Part of the time the
child was kept there and part of the time in a family house where
we often saw her in our rounds of visiting prior to the earthquake
and fire. We did not know but that she belonged to the family in
whose care we saw her.

"After the fire the man returned to China, leaving the woman and
child. The woman took to abusing the child, and word was brought
to us of the condition of things. We appeared on the scene one
morning about 10 o'clock with an officer. Leaving him outside, we
entered, and found the woman and child eating breakfast. Three
other women and two men soon came in. After talking for a while I
saw the woman was anxious to get the child away from the table, so
I informed her we had come to take her, and proceeded to do so,
catching the child up and darting into the street, leaving my
interpreter and the officer to follow. We ran several blocks,
followed by the irate woman. Finally hailing a man with a horse
and wagon, we sprang in and were driven away to where we could
take the street cars for home. The child did some screaming and
crying, at first. But once we were seated in the street car, her
tears were dried and her little tongue rattled along at a rapid
rate; she was delighted to get away.

"The case was in court for some weeks, but the woman was afraid
to appear, and had no one to assist her but the lawyer, and as he
could not prove any good reason why the child should remain with
an immoral woman, we were given the guardianship."

No. 9. A young girl came to San Francisco from China as a
merchant's wife, and missionaries used to visit her at he
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woman.
When the mother got better she worked two years and saved until
she had enough money to buy the child back, but the cruel woman
who had got possession of it refused to give it up unless paid
three times as much as was originally borrowed. The mother could
not do this, and finally, hearing of the Mission, reported the
case there. The baby was traced to a horrible den in Church alley,
where it was in the possession of a notorious brothel-keeper. The
mother secretly visited the Matron at the Mission, who had secured
the child, urging her to keep possession of the baby, saying she
would not dare testify against the woman on the witness stand, as
it would cost her her life. The case was a long time in court, but
after six months the Judge committed the child to the Home, and
the mother was made very happy.

No. 6. She ran into the Mission leading her little son. She was
chased to the very door of the Mission, but kept her pursuers
at bay, by means of a policeman's whistle which she held in her
mouth, walking backward and threatening to blow it if they dared
touch her child. She was a widow with this only child, and her
relatives were bound to se
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to give him
the information that we held at that time, and hold to the present
day,--dozens of papers of committment to the Lock Hospital for
compulsory examinations both in his own handwriting and in that of
the Protector. And some of these cases, as the records we have copied
show, were those of perfectly innocent girls, acknowledged to be
virgins, until assaulted by these abominable medical officials and
robbed of the fresh bloom of maidenly chastity.

The official spoke of the work of the Protectorate as "Rescue work,
and that only," in so far as it dealt with women. But it must be borne
in mind that the "Protector" of women and girls was likewise the
Registrar of brothels; and that the rules and regulations under the
Women and Girls' Protection Ordinance provided, in both Singapore and
Hong Kong, for every detail in the management of brothels, even to the
granting of a permit to keep a brothel, and the description of the
"duties" of brothel-keepers. Surely this part of the Protector's
work cannot be called "Rescue work," as we are accustomed to use the
phrase.

According to the Annual Report of the Protectorate for 1893, 1,183
women and girls entered brothels with the sanction of the Protector;
and quite apart from any discussion of whether this sanction should
have been given or not, it is quite apparent that this also was not
"Rescue work."

During the same year 1,034 women and girls left the brothels of
Singapore, and it is apparent that we must look among these mainly for
rescued cases. Of this 1,034 the following account is given:

Absconded 63
Died 21
Gone to "Private Houses" 346
Married 69
To be accounted for 451

We have an explanation in the Protector's own words of what is meant
by a girl who has "absconded." "It is common now, when an owner
notices one of her girls contracting a continued intimacy with a male
visitor (and therefore to be suspected of an intention to appl
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after a seven months' stay.

They had learned to love our Home life, had united with our
Christian Endeavor Society and had become interested in all our
work, and we would be quite unreconciled to their departure did we
not know that our missionaries in Shanghai stand ready to receive
and care for them when they arrive.

No. 6. Seen Fah. The first beams of the rising sun shone bright
and hopefully into a pleasant room in the Presbyterian Mission
Home one morning last autumn. It threw its cheerful radiance over
a group of three gathered there to plan an important undertaking,
lighting the bright, eager faces of two young Chinese girls, and
giving renewed courage to the anxious heart of the Superintendent.
What important event had to be discussed? What serious matter
decided? News had reached the Mission Home, a few hours before,
of a young Chinese girl just landed in San Francisco and sold for
three thousand dollars. Plans to save this helpless and innocent
child, before it was too late, were the subject of discussion at
that early morning meeting. In such a serious undertaking every
possibility of failure must be carefully guarded against. Each
possible device of the wily Highbinder slave-owner must he
conjectured and frustrated. So the three planned this campaign:
"When is Detective ---- coming?" asked Chan Yuen, as a step sounded
on the quiet street below. "At six he promised to be here with one
of his trustiest men. It is best to reach Chinatown early, that
our coming may not be signaled by those on the streets at a later
hour. If the alarm is given, every slave den will be doubly bolted
and barred; and perhaps little Seen Fah, whom we wish to save,
will be spirited away beyond reach of help." Well did the
questio
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to describe to
those who have not witnessed the same in China. Men bore aloft great
dragons and fishes innumerable, of all sizes and shapes, (but very
true to life), given a natural color and lighted up within, like
Chinese lanterns. These were held aloft on the ends of long poles, and
as the men who carried them were invisible, because of the darkness,
and trod noiselessly because of bare, or merely sandaled feet, the
impression was of an immense train of these creatures floating or
swimming silently through the air.

The procession was made up of men of all sorts and kinds. Great fat
men with enormous fans panted along, and little boys ran by their side
with stools upon which they gravely seated themselves whenever
the line of march was halted for a moment. Little boys progressed
painfully along with the rest, walking on their hands, with their feet
thrown up into the air, or spinning along on all fours like wheels,
or going through various other antics. And, contrary to anything that
could have happened away from the open ports of China, there were many
women in the parade, and girls too. They were on horseback, in sedan
chairs, borne on wheeled platforms, like our "Goddess of Liberty"
representations on the Fourth of July; walking, and sometimes riding
on bullocks. We counted 150 women in all. These were dressed and
painted up in such a style that a single glance showed they belonged
to the disreputable class, and their old "pocket-mothers,"
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the Government is powerless to touch.
Exeter Hall in possession of these facts would indeed have a theme
for pious lucubrations."

Commenting upon the same case the _Singapore Free Press_ says:

"A recent investigation into a case of suicide in Hong Kong brings
into strong prominence what is really a system of slavery of the
worst kind, and which is not unknown in Singapore."

Such testimony is valuable from papers which have consistently
supported the Contagious Diseases Ordinances and vilified the
opponents of the State regulation of vice. There can be little
doubt that a large proportion of the girls and young women who are
brought to the Straits Settlements for immoral purposes have been
sold in China to the brothel-keepers' confederates. In many cases
girls are thus sold by their parents for the payment of gambling
and other debts, and sometimes, alas, to provide money for the
purchase of opium. Surely it is a burning shame that British
Colonies should have become the market for the sale of Chinese
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the family. An acquaintance there told her
that she could earn as much as thirty dollars a month at sewing in
California, and he could secure her passage for her at economical
cost. She returned to her home and consulted her parents, and they
thought the chance a good one, so bidding her little ones good bye,
she returned to Hong Kong and paid for the ticket, being instructed
that a certain woman would meet her at the wharf at San Francisco whom
she must claim as her "mother," since the immigration laws were so
strict that she must pass herself off as the daughter of this woman
(for this daughter, who was now in China, having lived in the United
States was entitled to return to her mother). Reader, have you ever
traveled on another's ticket? If so, or if you have known a professing
Christian to have done so, do not be too harsh in your judgment of
this heathen, and declare she deserved the terrible fate that overtook
her. The "mother" met the sewing-woman, brought her to Oakland, and
imprisoned her in a horrible den to earn money for her. With utmost
caution our missionary friend rescued her. The Captain of Police and
other officers were
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there of the
tree of this evil traffic, whilst leaving untouched the root and
trunk of the tree itself, the State protection of vice, by which
it is made practicable safely to invest large capital in this most
nefarious but lucrative traffic.

"Page 4 of this Correspondence shows that an ordinance was passed
in 1899, imposing very heavy fines and imprisonment on any keeper
of a brothel who allowed any of the inmates suffering from
contagious disease to remain in the house. This has led to a
system of private arrangements with medical men for the periodical
sanitary inspection and treatment of the inmates.

"At page 19 the Acting Colonial Surgeon says: 'A large number of
Japanese houses had some time before made private arrangements
with my partner, Dr. Mugliston and myself, for medical attendance,
and the rumor regarding the intended legislation induced most
of the remainder to follow their example during the month of
September. The increase of Japanese inmates
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for large sums of money, which go to their
owners.... The regular earnings of the girls go to the same
quarters, and the unfortunate creatures obviously form subjects
of speculation to regular traders in this kind of business, who
reside beyond our jurisdiction. In most of the regular houses, the
inmates are more or less in debt to the keepers, and though such
debts are not legally enforceable, a custom stronger than law
forbids the woman to leave the brothel until her debts are
liquidated, and it is only in rare cases that she does so." "As to
the brothel-keepers, there is nothing known against them, and they
are supported by capitalists. Mr. Lister speaks of them as 'a
horrible race of cruel women, cruel to the last degree, who use an
ingenious form of torture, which they call prevention of sleep,'
which he describes in detail.... It seems that although the
Brothel Ordinances did not call into being this 'horrible,'
'cruel,' and 'haughty' race of women, they have armed them with
ob
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informer had insinuated himself. The woman denied having
ever accepted it of him, yet she was convicted on that evidence alone.
With rewards offered to men of the lowest character, who would secure
the conviction of women so that the latter could be forced into the
life of open prostitution, all the presumptive evidence should have
turned such a case as this against the informer. Many similar cases
of the conviction of women of being keepers and inmates of secret
brothels, were secured on this sort of evidence. One young girl of 14
was entrapped by marked money being found in her toilet table. The
court records showed that this was the second time she had been
entrapped in this manner. This second time she was convicted and sent
to the Lock Hospital where, upon examination, exceptional conditions
demonstrated beyond doubt that she was still a virgin. But what of the
many young girls with whom exceptional conditions did not exist, when
_they_ were brought to the examination table?

During the year 1873, two women were severely injured by jumping out
of their windows to escape the informers. One fractured her leg.

The cook of Inspector King testified in the Registrar General's court:
"Yesterday I received orders of Mr. King to go to Wanchai, and see if
I could catch some unlicensed prostitutes." This man was employed,
and his employer orders him off to this wicked business, and he must
either obey or take his discharge. A Chinese servant ordered t
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but he "did not seem disposed to enforce the rights
of the father, on the ground that he had sold the child." The Governor
concludes: "I did not agree with his view of the law."

The last case was referred back to the Acting Police Magistrate to
know why the woman, Leung A-Luk, was allowed to go unprosecuted. The
Police Magistrate replied: "It appeared to me that 4th defendant
(Leung A-Luk) being a well-to-do woman, and having no children of her
own, had purchased the girl with a view to adopting her." He adds:
"When Acting Superintendent of Police last year, I wished to prosecute
a man for detaining a child ... but as it was shown that the boy had
been sold by his father some months previously, the Attorney General
considered the purchaser was _in loco parentis_, [in the place of a
parent] and could not be purchased."

On the two cases to which the attention of the Governor had been
brought, the Attorney General reported:

"With the greatest respect for the Chief Justice, I doubt the
policy of prosecuting the woman he refers to, having regard to the
fact that the magistrate had discharged her for want of testimony,
an
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methods were declared unwise and
unpractical, simply because his methods endangered prostitution in the
form of brothel-slavery. Says Mr. Pickering in conclusion:

"I myself profess to be a Christian, and endeavor according to my
light, and as far as my nature will allow, to conform my conduct
to the standards of my religion; while holding these principles, I
certainly feel that I should not be acting in accordance with the
wishes of my Master, were I not to advocate most strongly that healing
should be extended to the poor, the helpless, and afflicted, whether
they be harlots or any other kind of sinners, who; unless the
Government assist them by forced examinations, will suffer and often
die in misery from the want of medical assistance." Perhaps the most
charitable view to take of this creature is that suggested by himself.
He was a Christian, he claims, "as far as my nature will allow." Had
his nature only allowed him to see further, he would have perceived
a distance as wide as heaven is from hell between the conduct of the
Divine Master who "went about healing all that were oppressed," and
the man who prostitutes the healing art to the service of libertines,
in making it healthier, if possible, for them to defy the commandments
of that same Divine Master. Such doctors are the offscouring of the
medical profession.

A Chinaman one day entered Mr. Pickering's office at the Protectorate
in Singapore, accused him of selling his brother into slavery, and
tried to brain him with an axe. The blow was not fatal, but the
"Protector," if living, is sti
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in the following language: "The Colonial Government has not, I think,
attached sufficient weight to the very grave fact that in a British
Colony large numbers of women should be held in practical slavery for
the purposes of prostitution, and allowed in some cases to perish
miserably of disease in the prosecution of their employment, and for
the gain of those to whom they suppose themselves to belong. A class
of persons who by no choice of their own are subjected to such
treatment have an urgent claim on the active protection of
Government."

Hong Kong, the British colony, had existed but fourteen years when
this was written. Only a handful of fishermen and cottagers were on
the island before the British occupation. Its Chinese population had
come from a country where, as we have seen, laws against the buying
and selling, detaining and kidnaping human beings were not unfamiliar.
Only eleven years had elapsed since the Queen's proclamation against
slavery in that colony had been published to its inhabitants, and yet,
during that time, slavery had so advanced at Hong Kong, against
both Chinese and British law, as to receive this recognition and
acknowledgment on the part of the Secretary of State at London:

1st, That it is a "grave fact that" at Hong Kong "large numbers of
women" are "held in practical slavery."

2nd, That this slavery is "for the gain of those to whom they
suppose themselves to belong."

3rd, That it is so cruel that "in some cases" they "perish
miserably ... in the prosecution of their employment."

4th, That i
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the Po Leung Kuk, organized originally at Hong Kong and
Singapore to put down kidnaping. The Inspector one day, January 4th,
1894, sent a girl of fifteen over to the Refuge with a note to the
Matron, and on the following morning, ordered her sent to the
Lock Hospital for examination. We saw the recorded result of that
examination in the handwriting of the doctor at the hospital, and it
was to the effect that the girl was suffering from disease due to
vice. After that the Matron got a note from the Inspector saying: "Ah
Moi can be written off your books, as she has been sent to hospital,
and after she leaves hospital she intends going to a house of
ill-fame."

Now the rules forbade all religious instruction, or any sort of
instruction in this Refuge, since the Chinese men who contributed
to its support were opposed to women being taught anything. But the
Matron had threatened to leave if she could not teach and train the
girls. So she was allowed, out of her own slender salary, to hire a
teacher on her own account, and this she did. The good Christian man
whom she had hired came and told her he had learned that Ah Moi was
a good girl, and was from a
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she must end her life. Would the Mission try to save this
poor girl? We gladly promised what help we could give, and our
visitor left as quickly and mysteriously as he came, only leaving
for our guidance a roughly sketched diagram of alley and house
where the little captive could be found. There followed much
planning and plotting. Our staunch friend, Sergeant Ross of the
Chinatown squad, was summoned and consulted. The place was a
difficult one to reach, but at last satisfactory plans were made,
the day and hour set. There were three officers and three Chinese
girls from the Mission. It was a good-sized rescue party and
divided into three companies, we guarded well the three exits from
the low-roofed house on Spofford alley. With Sergeant Ross leading
and our courageous young interpreter at our side, we stealthily
ascended the dark, narrow stairs to the second floor, where a
heavy door barred the way, but for such obstacles our good officer
was prepared. A few blows of his strong hammer made bolts and bars
yield. We passed through into a small dark passage. From there
could be heard on all sides sounds of excitement; light feet
running hither and thither to places of escape, only to be turned
back by the sight of our guards, who stood on watch. As we
cautiously felt our way further in we were met by the baffled and
angry keeper of the den--a woman, but not worthy the name. She
fiercely demanded our business--there was no need to tell it,
for she knew as well as we; but she wished
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That "protected woman"
extended his name as "protector" over the inmates of her secret
brothel; and into that house protected largely from official
interference, purchased and kidnaped girls were introduced and reared
for the trade in women. The sensitive point seems to have been that
an enforcement of the anti-slavery laws would have interfered in many
instances with the illicit relations of the foreigner, exposing him
to ignominy and sending the mother of his children to prison. It was
sufficient for the "protected" woman to say, when the officer of the
law rapped at her door, "This is not a brothel, but the private
family residence of Mr. So-and-So," naming some foreigner,--perhaps
a high-placed official,--and the officer's search would proceed no
further.

It was claimed that this slavery, and also domestic slavery, which
sprang up so suddenly after the settlement of Hong Kong by the
British, was the outgrowth of Chinese customs, and could not be
suppressed but with the greatest difficulty, and their suppression
was an unwarrantable interference with Chinese customs, Sir Charles
Elliott having given promise from the first that such customs should
not be interfered with. But, as we have shown, that promise was only
made, "pending Her Majesty's pleasure," which had been very plainly
and pointedly expressed later as opposed to slavery.

As to the matter of "custom," Sir John Smale, Chief Justice of
Hong Kong, said, in 1879, in the Supreme Court, on the occasion of
sentencing prisoners for slave trading and kidnaping:

"Can Chinese slavery, as it _de facto_ exists in Hong Kong, be
considered a Chinese custom which can be brought within the intent
and meaning of either of the proclamations of 1841 so as to be
sanctioned by the proclamations? I assert that it cannot.... A
custom is 'such a usage as by common consent and uniform practice
has become a law.' In 1841 there could have been no custom of
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doubts by the action of these same
Chinese as soon as Sir John Smale set to work in earnest to
exterminate slavery, and declared in his court a year later than the
formation of this Chinese Society:

"I was given to understand that buying children by respectable
Chinamen as servants was according to Chinese customs, and that to
attempt to put it down would be to arouse the prejudices of the
Chinese.... Humanity is of no party, and personal liberty is to be
held the right of every human being under British law.... Whatever
the law of China may be, the law of England must prevail here. If
Chinamen are willing to submit to the law, they may remain, but
on condition of obeying the law, whether it accords with their
notions of right or wrong or not; and if remaining they act
contrary to the law, they must take the consequences."

Sir John Smale's utterance created intense feeling among these Chinese
merchants, who at once called upon the Governor to represent their
views and to protest. The Governor informed them that "slavery in any
form could not be allowed in the Colony." They protested that their
system of adoption and of obtaining girls for domestic purposes was
not slavery; "an

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persecuted,
which is the best sign of piety.

861. The Church is in an excellent state when it is sustained by God only.

862. The Church has always been attacked by opposite errors, but perhaps
never at the same time, as now. And if she suffer more because of the
multiplicity of errors, she derives this advantage from it, that they
destroy each other.

She complains of both, but far more of the Calvinists, because of the
schism.

It is certain that many of the two opposite sects are deceived. They must be
disillusioned.

Faith embraces many truths which seem to contradict each other. There is a
time to laugh, and time to weep, etc. Responde. Ne respondeas,215 etc.

The source of this is the union of the two natures in Jesus Christ; and also
the two worlds (the creation of a new heaven and a new earth; a new life and
a new death; all things double, and the same names remaining); and finally
the two natures that are in the righteous (for they are the two worlds, and
a member and image of Jesus Christ. And thus all the names suit them:
righteous, yet sinners; dead, yet living; living, yet dead; elect, yet
outcast, etc.).

There are then a great number of truths, both of faith and of morality,
which seem contradictory and which all hold good together in a wonderful
system. The source of all heresies is the exclusion of some of these truths;
and the source of all the objections which the heretics make against us is
the ignorance of some of our truths. And it generally happens that, unable
to conceive the connection of two opposite truths, and believing that the
admission of one involves the exclusion of the other, they adhere to the
one, exclude the other, and think of us as opposed to them. Now exclusion is
the cause of their heresy; and ignorance that we hold the other truth causes
their objections.

1st example: Jes
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2008-02-06 00:57:46 UTC
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but the bustle which averts these
thoughts of ours and amuses us.

Reasons why we like the chase better than the quarry.

Hence it comes that men so much love noise and stir; hence it comes that the
prison is so horrible a punishment; hence it comes that the pleasure of
solitude is a thing incomprehensible. And it is, in fact, the greatest
source of happiness in the condition of kings that men try incessantly to
divert them and to procure for them all kinds of pleasures.

The king is surrounded by persons whose only thought is to divert the king
and to prevent his thinking of self. For he is unhappy, king though he be,
if he think of himself.

This is all that men have been able to discover to make themselves happy.
And those who philosophise on the matter, and who think men unreasonable for
spending a whole day in chasing a hare which they would not have bought,
scarce know our nature. The hare in itself would not screen us from the
sight of death and calamities; but the chase, which turns away our attention
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--A God humiliated, even to the death on the
cross; a Messiah triumphing over death by his own death. Two natures in
Jesus Christ, two advents, two states of man's nature.

766. Types.--Saviour, father, sacrificer, offering, food, king, wise,
law-giver, afflicted, poor, having to create a people whom He must lead and
nourish and bring into His land...

Jesus Christ. Offices.--He alone had to create a great people, elect, holy,
and chosen; to lead, nourish, and bring it into the place of rest and
holiness; to make it holy to God; to make it the temple of God; to reconcile
it to, and, save it from, the wrath of God; to free it from the slavery of
sin, which visibly reigns in man; to give laws to this people, and engrave
these laws on their heart; to offer Himself to God for them, and sacrifice
Himself for them; to be a victim without blemish, and Himself the
sacrificer, having to offer Himself, His body, and His blood, and yet to
offer bread and wine to God...

Ingrediens mundum.[154]

"Stone upon stone."

What preceded and what followed. All the Jews exist still and are wanderers.

767. Of all that is on earth, He partakes only of the sorrows, not of the
joys. He loves His neighbours, but His love does not confine itself within
these bounds, and overflows to His own enemies, and then to those of God.

768. Jesus Christ typified by Joseph, the beloved of his father, sent by his
father to see his brethren, etc., innocent, sold by his brethren for twenty
pieces of silver, and thereby becoming their lord, their sa
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often gives them the
advantage in the opinion of the hearers, such favour have the imaginary wise
in the eyes of judges of like nature. Imagination cannot make fools wise;
but she can make them happy, to the envy of reason which can only make its
friends miserable; the one covers them with glory, the other with shame.

What but this faculty of imagination dispenses reputation, awards respect
and veneration to persons, works, laws, and the great? How insufficient are
all the riches of the earth without her consent!

Would you not say that this magistrate, whose venerable age commands the
respect of a whole people, is governed by pure and lofty reason, and that he
judges causes according to their true nature without considering those mere
trifles which only affect the imagination of the weak? See him go to sermon,
full of devout zeal, strengthening his reason with the ardour of his love.
He is ready to listen with exemplary respect. Let the preacher appear, and
let nature have given him a hoarse voice or a comical cast of countenance,
or let his barber have given him a bad shave, or let by chance his dress be
more dirtied than usual, then, however great the truths he announces, I
wager our senator loses his gravity.

If the greatest philosopher in the world find himself upon a plank wider
than actually necessary, but hanging over a precipice, his imagination will
prevail, though his reason convince him of his safety. Many cannot bear the
thought without a cold sweat. I will not state all its effects.

Every one knows that the sight of cats or rats, the crushing of a coal,
etc., may unhinge the reason. The tone of voice affects the wisest, and
changes the force of a discourse or a poem.

Love or hate alters the aspect of justice. How much greater confidence has
an advocate, retained with a large fee, in the justice of his cause! How
much better does his bold manner make his case appear to the
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they must necessarily become to the women of
their own family and acquaintance! A young woman managed to get a
request for help sent to a rescue worker. The missionary responded
by a carefully arranged plot for the identification of the girl. It
included the understanding that when the rescuer with the officer
should enter the place, she was to have in her hands, and to raise
to her lips a handkerchief which the missionary had managed to get
conveyed to her. They entered, saw her with the handkerchief held
to her face, at the little soliciting window, but the poor girl had
endured so much that at the sight of friends she lost her nerve and
presence of mind, fluttered her handkerchief, and cried out, "Oh,
teacher!" Alas! a locked door still separated her from her rescuers,
and the plot was exposed. She was dragged back, and became lost to the
rescue party. Other girls who escaped from the den afterwards told of
the rest of the scene. Kick upon kick fell upon her poor little body,
and the enraged owner of the brothel never ceased until she was dead
and mashed almost to a jelly before the eyes of the other inmates, to
teach them a lesson of warning against trying to escape. Let us not
mourn. It was better so than to have been left alive unrescued. The
pity is that the keepers and the "Watch-dogs" hold them alive to their
task as long as they do. The angels of heaven, God's rescue party, are
not far off from such victims, nor His angels of wrath and
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display of vice is practically unknown in regions of China
uninfluenced by Western civilization. Almost any wicked man, any
tourist who would pay well, man or woman, could enter this place.
The "Watch-dogs" were kept merely to prevent the entrance of mission
workers to rescue slaves, and these "Watch-dogs" were, and always are,
American, or, at least European men, not Chinese.

There were more "Watch-dogs" than those about Sullivan Place, before
the earthquake in San Francisco,--they were to be found in many
parts, always for the one purpose,--to resist interference with the
enforcement of brothel slavery upon Chinese women. American men
undertook this part of the business, because a certain timidity in
the Chinese character when dealing with American women, and a fear of
arousing race-prejudice, unfitted the Chinaman for coping with the
American women,--Miss Culbertson, the pioneer, now sainted, Miss Lake,
Miss Cameron and Miss Davis, who have fought their brave battles for
many years, to deliver the captives from the hand of the spoilers,
often at the risk of life, unaided for the most part, unappreciated
and unsympathized with, by a guiltily ignorant Christian public, and
too often persecuted by corrupt officials. Yet they have never stood
alone, but have always had the presence of their Master, and the
sympathetic co-operation of a few ardent supporters,--Christian women,
lawyers, magistrates, and other officials.

One of the "Watch-dogs" struck Miss Lake on one occasion. On another,
a "Watch-dog" went boldly up to two policemen to whom a fugitive slave
had appealed for help, seized his prey, and without resistance from
the policemen, carried her bodily back to slavery along the public
street, in view of many spectators. At another time several of them
rushed in upon a scene of rescue, overcame the police officer, and
hurled him down stairs, dealt in the same manner with some men in
the rescue party, and then turned upon
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confused idea, which hides itself from their
view in the depths of their soul, inciting them to aim at rest through
excitement, and always to fancy that the satisfaction which they have not
will come to them, if, by surmounting whatever difficulties confront them,
they can thereby open the door to rest.

Thus passes away all man's life. Men seek rest in a struggle against
difficulties; and when they have conquered these, rest becomes insufferable.
For we think either of the misfortunes we have or of those which threaten
us. And even if we should see ourselves sufficiently sheltered on all sides,
weariness of its own accord would not fail to arise from the depths of the
heart wherein it has its natural roots and to fill the mind with its poison.

Thus so wretched is man that he would weary even without any cause for
weariness from the peculiar state of his disposition; and so frivolous is he
that, though full of a thousand reasons for weariness, the least thing, such
as playing billiards or hitting a ball, is sufficient to amuse him.

But will you say what object has he in all this? The pleasure of bragging
tomorrow among his friends that he has played better than another. So others
sweat in their own rooms to show to the learned that they have solved a
problem in algebra, which no one had hitherto been able to solve. Many more
expose themselves to extreme perils, in my opinion as foolishly, in order to
boast afterwards that they have captured a town. Lastly, others wear
themselves out in studying all these things, not in order to become wiser,
but only in order to prove that they know them; and these are the most
senseless of the band, since they are so knowingly, whereas one may suppose
of the others that, if they knew it, they would no longer be foolish.

This man spends his life without weariness in playing every day for a small
stake. Give him each morning the money he can wi
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of Chinese who came to this port last year, either
as genuine immigrants or for transshipment to other ports, was
122,029, which is actually more than the entire Chinese population
of the town. In connection with the immigration of this multitude
of men and women, speaking many dialects of a language which is
wholly unknown to the officials of the British Government in the
Straits, with the exception of perhaps half a dozen persons, it
cannot be wondered at that many abuses arise, and the suspicion
has gained ground and is frequently given expression to, in the
public press and elsewhere, that many of the immigrants do not
come to Singapore of their free will. Moreover, it cannot be
denied that the circumstances under which the Chinese come to
Singapore and are forwarded to their destination lend colour to
this suspicion, so that it may fairly be inquired whether the
efforts made by the Government of the Straits Settlements to
control the Chinese coolie traffic and to prevent a secret form
of slavery have been attended with any success, or are at all
adequate to the requir
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"These posts, although fairly lucrative, do not seem to be
coveted by men of very high class." For instance, we find in a report
dated December 11, 1873, by the captain superintendent of police, Mr.
Dean, and the acting Registrar General, Mr. Tonnochy, that they were
not prepared to recommend anyone for an appointment to a vacancy which
had just occurred, owing to the reluctance of the police inspectors to
accept "the office of Inspector of Brothels." Mr. Creagh says, that
the post is not one "which any of our inspectors would take. They look
down on the post." "They are a class very inferior to those who
would be inspectors with us. I don't believe anyone wishes it, but
constables, or perhaps sergeants, would take the post for the pay."
Mr. Dean would also "object to its being made a part of the duty of
the general police to enforce the Contagious Diseases Acts." "My
inspectors and sergeants," he says, "would so strongly object to
taking the office that I should be unable to get anyone on whom I
could rely.... The Inspector of Police looks down on the Inspector of
Brothels." Dr. Ayres tells us: "You cannot get men fitted for the work
at present salaries, and you have to put tremendous powers into the
hands of men like those we have."

Yet into the hands of men lower in character than the lowest of the
police force was committed, in large part, the operation of Ordinance
12, 1857, recommended by Mr. Labouchere as a sort of benevolent scheme
for the defense of poor Chinese slaves under the British flag, who had
"an urgent claim on the protection of Government."




CHAPTER 3.

HOW THE PROTECTOR PROTECTED.


Dr. Bridges, the Acting Attorney General at Hong Kong, who had framed
the Contagious Diseases Ordinance of 1857, had given an assurance
concerning it expressed in the fol
Luca Villa
2008-01-10 01:27:23 UTC
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Here http://www.security-forums.com/viewtopic.php?t=10550&sid=522486204cd8fca5a7f18adf2ca463e5
"chewiepm" confirms my experience:

"encrypt it using dcpp. When the boot drive is running, the
authentication for this second drive is completely separate from the
first. The added bonus uis the fact that the second drive looks to
windows like it just hasn't been formatted, so the fact that it is
encrypted is also hidden."
SafeBoot Simon
2008-01-10 11:49:38 UTC
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Post by Luca Villa
Is there a FDE program able to encrypt/decrypt multiple disks at boot
time?
SafeBoot will encrypt as many disks and partitions as the BIOS
supports. Multiple disks have been supported since v1.5 in 1994.

S.
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